Battery Technologies

Lithium Battery Technology

Lithium battery technology

We switch to clean and renewable energy with Lithium Battery Technology. Our energy storage needs are shaped bylityum-iyon batteries, but what will happen next?

The battery is one or more cell packs, each containing a positive electrode (cathode), a negative electrode (anode), a separator, and an electrolyte. Different chemicals and materials determine the properties of the battery. How much energy can store and give, how much power can provide.

Lithium battery manufacturers are constantly doing research and development to find cheaper, denser, lighter and more powerful chemicals.

The way sodium-ion (Na-ion) batteries work is similar to that of lithium-ion (Li-ion) batteries. The main difference is the replacement of lithium with sodium. Various sodium based materials can be used as the positive electrode of the battery, for example longer life or cycle, which is decisive in performance.


Na-ion batteries offer numerous advantages. The most important of these is that they are cheaper than Li-ion batteries (up to 30 % per cell). This technology cannot compete with Li-ion in terms of energy density. Neither by weight nor by volume. However, applications involving storage of excess electricity generated by renewable energy sources such as solar or wind power would also be preferable.

Many of the cell components and manufacturing processes are the same as Li-ion batteries. The main difference is focused on electrode materials. Na-ion batteries seem to be ready to go into production in three to four years, however.

(Lithium battery technologies)

In Li-ion batteries, active materials are placed between lithium ions during charging and discharging. There is no main structure in lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries. During discharge, lithium anode is consumed and sulfur is converted to various chemical compounds. The opposite happens during charging.


Very light active materials are used in the Li-S battery. Sulfur on positive electrode, metallic lithium on negative electrode. This is why the theoretical energy density is extraordinarily high. It is an ideal choice for the aerospace industries.

Li-S technology requires further research and development to improve life expectancy and continue to increase specific energy density. It is not expected to be ready for applications that require long battery life for at least five years.

(Lithium battery technologies)

Solid state batteries represent a paradigm shift in terms of technology. In modern Li-ion batteries, ions move from one electrode to another along the liquid electrolyte. The liquid electrolyte contained in solid state batteries contains a compound that allows the transport of lithium ions. This is not a new technology, but over the last decade, worldwide research has discovered new types of solid electrolytes with very high ionic conductivity, similar to liquid electrolytes.


The first major advantage is that the cells and batteries are safer: when inorganic solid electrolytes are heated, they do not burn unlike their liquid counterparts. Second, higher safety performance and better shelf life as a result of low self-discharge, the third allows the use of denser, lighter, higher capacity materials. Because of their high weight ratio, they can be ideal for use in electric vehicles.

As technological progress continues, various solid type batteries are likely to be introduced. The priority may be in solid state batteries with graphite-based anodes that provide improved energy performance and safety. Over time, lighter solid state battery technologies using a metallic lithium anode will be introduced in the market.

Air charging technology in seconds!
While smartphones, smart homes and even markets for smart wearable products are growing, they still remain within certain power limits. Battery technology hasn’t made any revolutionary progress in years. But it seems that we are on the brink of a power revolution in the near future. High-tech companies are very close to exceeding the limits of lithium-ion batteries. While operating systems become more efficient to save power, we can only use our smartphone for a day or two before recharging.

While there is some time for the technology to be able to use our phones for a few weeks without charging, the improvements are going well.
From air charging to super-fast 30-second charging, we have compiled the latest battery technologies for BATRON Energy readers with us in the future. Now let’s take a closer look at these new Lithium battery technologies.

Smartphones of the future

Capture energy from Wi-Fi

Although wireless inductive charging is common, it is still a difficult matter to receive energy from Wi-Fi or other electromagnetic waves. However, a group of researchers has developed an incredibly flexible radio-wave antenna, which is made up of only a few atoms. The main idea is that the devices may comprise this molybdenum disulfide-based rectin. Böylece AC güç havada Wi-Fi’den toplanabilir ve bir pili şarj etmek veya bir cihaza doğrudan güç sağlamak için DC’ye dönüştürülebilir. This may enable medical pills that operate without the need for an internal battery or mobile devices that do not need to be connected to a power source for charging.

Energy collected from the device owner

If the research of TENG (Triboelectric nanogenerators) results, you may be the power source of your next device. A TENG or triboelectric nanogenerator is a power-gathering technology that captures the electrical current generated by the contact of two materials. A research team at Surrey’s Institute of Advanced Technology and University of Surrey has been working on how this technology can be deployed to provide more power to products such as wearable devices. Research will be a resource for designers to build the information infrastructure they need to effectively understand and optimize the future TENG implementation.

Golden nanowire batteries
The great brainstorming at the University of California has revealed nanowire batteries that can withstand overcharging. The result may be non-exhausting batteries.
Nanowires, which are a thousand times thinner than human hair, are a great possibility for future batteries. In previous studies, there was deterioration of the wires during charging. The new technology uses gold nanowires in a gel electrolyte to prevent this. These batteries have been recharged more than 200,000 times in three months with no deterioration.

Solid State Lithium Ion

Solid state batteries traditionally provide stability, but electrolyte conduction is costly. A paper published by Toyota scientists talks about a superior battery that has successfully passed solid state battery tests using sulfide super ionic conductors. The result is a super-capacitor battery that can be fully charged or discharged in just seven minutes. Great development for cars .. Having a solid state means it is much more stable and safer than existing batteries.

Electrolyte materials for lithium battery technologies still pose challenges, so don’t expect to see these products nearby, but it’s an undeniable fact that we’re one step closer to safer and faster batteries.


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